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Dr. APJ Abul Kalam Azad Biography

Abul Paki's Zainul Abidin Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu to a Muslim family. His father's name was Zainul-Abedin, who was a little boatman from Rameshwaram and his job was to get Hindu pilgrims to cross Rameshwaram and its adjoining Dhanushkodi every day and his mother's name was Ashiyamma, who was an ordinary housewife. 

Abdul Kalam's ancestors were rich merchants and zamindars with many lands and vast lands.They traded in groceries between the mainland and the island and from Sri Lanka, and from the mainland to Pamban by boat for pilgrims. Thus, his family came to be known as "Maram Kalam Ayakkiver" (wooden boatman) and later as "Marakiyar".

Dr. APJ Abul Kalam Azad Biography


Name : Abul Pakhir Jaynul-Abedin Abdul Kalam
Date of Birth : 15th October 1931
Birth Place : Rameshwaram
Family
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Father : Jaynul-Abedin
• 
Mother : Ashiyamma
• 
Brother : Kashim Mohammad, Mostafa Kamal, Mohammad Mothu Mira
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Sister : Ashim Jahura (Elder)

Nationality : Indian
Date of Death : 27th July 2015 (83 Years)

Dr. APJ Abul Kalam Azad Biography

His family's financial situation was not good, so she had to work from a young age. Abdul Kalam used to distribute magazines after school to his father for financial support. In school days, Kalam was normal in reading but always ready and eager to learn something new.

He had an appetite for reading and he paid close attention to his studies. He attended school from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School and then studied at St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli. He graduated in Physics in 1954 from there. He then moved to Madras in 1955 where he studied aerospace engineering. In 1960, Kalam graduated from the Madras Institute of Technology with an engineering degree.

From a young age, Dr. Kalam's only dream was to one day become a fighter pilot. He also went to Dehradun for an Air Force interview after graduation. In that interview, he finished ninth out of about 25 candidates where only 8 candidates were needed.

Isro Director Abdul Kalam :

Dr. Kalam then moved to Delhi and then he joined DRDO as a scientist, and initially he started working for the design of a small helicopter. He then participated in the Indian National Committee for Space Research. He also had the opportunity to work with famous Bharati scientists like Vikram Sarabhai.

In 1989 he was sent to ISRO where he worked as a project director. He was involved in the development of the first satellite launch vehicle (SLV III) and the polar satellite launch vehicle - PSLV. Made his own contribution, the launch of which was later successful.

Read More : Indian Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan Biography

In 1960, the Indian government considered launching a modern missile program under the direction of Abdul Kalam G, so he sent it back to the DRDO. The Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) was then launched as the chief executive of Kalam Zia. Under the direction of Abdul Kalam Zia, Agni missile was successful in making a missile like Prithvi.

Dr. Kalam explained that a person can play a key role in shaping the future of a nation. He always spoke of taking the country forward on the path of progress.

He had a clear vision for the future which he presented in his book India 2020: A Vision for a New Millennium. In his book India 2020, he wrote that by 2020, India should be a developed country and a knowledge superpower. He said the media should play a serious role in the progress of the country. Negative news may not give anyone anything, but positive and developmental news raises expectations. 

Dr. Kalam will always be remembered as a distinguished scientist, administrator, educator and writer and many generations of the present and future of the country will continue to be inspired by his inspiring personality and great writings.

He said the media should play a serious role in the progress of the country. Negative news may not give anyone anything, but positive and developmental news raises expectations. Dr. Kalam will always be remembered as a distinguished scientist, administrator, educator and writer and many generations of the present and future of the country will continue to be inspired by his inspiring personality and great writings.

APJ Abdul Kalam Autobiography :

Kalam wrote in his autobiography 'My Journey' - those days of life were very bitter. On the one hand he had a great career abroad, on the other hand he served the country. It was difficult to choose the opportunity to move towards ideals or embrace the opportunity to become rich in order to make childhood dreams come true.

But in the end I decided not to go abroad for money. I will not miss the opportunity to serve the country for the sake of my career. Thus in 1956, I met with DR to join D Defense Research and Development (Organization).

Dr. Kalam's first deployment was to DRDO. Was in the center of Hyderabad. He was instrumental in five years of important research here. At the same time China invaded India. In this war of 1962, India suffered a final defeat. Immediately after the war, it was decided to equip the country's strategic strength with new weapons. Many plans were made, Dr. Kalam played a major role in this plan.

APJ Abdul Kalam ISRO Journey :

However, in 1963 he moved from Hyderabad to Trivandrum. It was transferred to the Vikram Space Research Center, a subsidiary of the Indian Space Research Organization. Dr. Kalam worked in this center till 1980. During his long service he led the country to an important position in the field of space science.

However, he was not very satisfied with his work in DRDO. He was happy to be transferred to ISRO in 1989. There he served as project director of SLV-3. In July 1970, his team succeeded in launching the Rohini satellite near Earth orbit. It is the first indigenously designed and built satellite launch in India.

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was elected President in 2002 against Lakshmi Shegal. He was awarded the title of 'Missile Man of India' for his important role in the country's space program, launch and development of ballistic missile technology. He also made significant contributions to India's Pokhran-2 nuclear test in 1999.

Awards and Honors

1971: Padma Bhushan Award 
1990: Padma Vibhushan Award 
1994: Distinguished Fellow Award from the Indian Institute of Directors 
1996: Bharat Ratna Award and Indira Gandhi Award 
1996: Bir Savarkar Award 
2000: "Ramanujan Award" by Alwar Research Center, Chennai 
2002: 11th President of India 
2006: Awarded a "Doctorate" by the University of Wolverhampton
2008: Awarded "Doctor of Engineering" by Nanyang Technological University 
2009: International "Von Kraman Wings" Award by the California Institute of Technology 
2010: Awarded "Doctor of Engineering" by the University of Waterloo 
2012: Awarded "Doctor of Laws" by Simon Fraser University

Quotes

1. Asking questions is one of the most important features of students. So students ask questions. 
2.There is nothing negative about me. 
3. Life and time are the two greatest teachers in the world. Life teaches us to use our time wisely, time tells us the usefulness of life.
4. When we are surrounded by problems every day, we forget our good things.
5. A person needs difficulties because success needs to be enjoyed.
6. I’ve always been willing to accept that I can’t change certain things.
7. Those who do any work with half-heart are half full, hollow success that fills all bitterness.
8. We should not try and give up problems.

Books

1998: India 2020

1999: Wings Of Fire

2002: Ignited Minds

2006: Indomitable Spirit

2012: Turning Points

Death

July 26, 2015, Dr. APJ. Abdul Kalam was lecturing at IIM Shillong where he had a heart attack and his condition became serious, so he was transferred to Bethany Hospital, where he later died of a heart attack.

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