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Dirilish Ertugrul Ghazi Biography | History of Ertugrul Ghazi


When thirteenth century started, Muslims as an entire were during a vital era. At that time a new Empire appeared on the world map. Under the Command of Genghis Khan, when its army from Magnolia attacked on other territories for expansion of its empire then one side, it extended from east Europe to Middle Europe, on other side  it reached Siberia, Indo Pak Sub continent,  China and Iran were able to assert their power very quickly The oppression and brutality set by Mongol Army was one in every of its sorts and can stay an example until finish of this world. All major kingdoms of the world were breaking away in front of Mongols oppression.


Dirilish Ertugrul Ghazi Biography | History of Ertugrul Ghazi

Dirilish Ertugrul Ghazi Biography | History of Ertugrul Ghazi


On the other hand, Khwarizmi Empire had conquered Khorasan, Iran, Syria and many territories of Seljuks in Iraq. At that point, they were enjoying their golden era. The hurricane of Genghis Khan along with its all brutalities moved towards Khwarizmi Empire and destroyed it fully.

After the destruction of this domain, the Turks clan who were living there began relocating towards a more secure spot. Among those most of the tribes were shepherds and Bedouins. Where ever they saw, green area and the water, they camped. From these Turk clans, some settled in Iran and Syria while a couple moved towards Egypt.

Among those Turk Tribes, there was a clan named Kayi. Kayi clan was greater and more grounded than different clans. Suleiman shah was the leader of this clan.  Kayi clan under the administration of Suleiman Shah left their local nation Khorasan.

Rise of Ertugrul Ghazi

In transit, while crossing waterway Euphrates, Suleiman Shah died. Suleiman Shah had 4 sons, Sungurtekin, Gündoğdu, Ertuğrul, Dündar. After the passing of Suleiman Shah, the Kayi clan was scattered. Sungurtekin and Gündoğdu alongside their families and numerous allies went to Ahlat. The individuals who remain, pick Ertuğrul Gazi as new pioneer of Kayi clan due to his fearlessness and dauntlessness Ertuğrul Gazi was a valiant, brave, and warrior individual who realized best to safeguard his clan.

So, he along with his younger brother Dündar Bey and around 420 families started his journey towards Asia Minor and entered in Seljuk Empire. During those days, Sultan Alā ad-Dīn Kayqubād I was the ruler of Seljuk Empire who was very famous for his justice.

When Ertuğrul Gazi alongside his clan was going to Konya to take shelter under Sultan Alā promotion Dīn Kayqubād. On the way near Ankara he saw two forces fighting each other. He did not know any one of them but by realizing the fact that one force was weak while the other one was stronger, he along with his small group of members which were around 444, decided to help the weak group. and all of sudden he Attacked the opponent army with intensity.



The opponent army got scared and realized that they got help from anywhere Being on the verge of victory they lost the battle. Afterward, Ertuğrul Gazi came to realize that the military whom he helped was the military of Sultan Alā promotion Dīn Kayqubād.

There are two points of view regarding the opponent army. Some say that it was the army of byzantine, while majority claim that they were Mongolians. Ruler Alā Ad Dīn Kayqubād was satisfied with the fortitude of Ertuğrul Gazi and his clan was given the territory of Karaca Dağ close to Ankara in its realm.. It was a hilly area. Kayi tribe settled there.

It is said that Sultan Alā ad-Dīn had given this area to the Kayi Tribe so that the borders of this side can be protected from the attacks from Byzantines army. Ruler permitted them to vanquish the territories along the fringe and add them to the empire. This area was connected with the Byzantine’s Border.

In a very short span of time, Ertuğrul impressed everyone with his bravery. After some time, Söğüt city was also allotted to Ertuğrul Gazi by sultan. The result of these victories was that many other Turkish tribes also joined Ertuğrul Gazi and accepted him as their Chief.

Subsequently the intensity of Ertuğrul Gazi expanded step by step and his impact started to be set up in encompassing region. For a landlord to get such power and influence, could have been a matter of concern for Sultan Alā ad-Dīn. because of interior issue and uprisings from state boss in Asia Minor, the Seljuk Empire was at the last phase of decline.


Although the glory of Seljuks was still prominent in Konya but the government's scope was very limited. On one side, the Mongolians had occupied a large area while on the other, Christian forces had re-occupied many old Byzantines Provinces. Beside this, many Seljuk leaders had established autonomous governments. The borders areas were usually in state of war and there was always a threat of attack from Mongols.

In such a circumstance, rather than getting stressed from the triumphs of Ertuğrul Gazi, Sultan had a sigh of relief, so he remunerated to Ertuğrul Gazi. So, at a location between Yeni City and Bursa, as a deputy of Alā ad-Dīn. when Ertuğrul Gazi vanquished an assembled armed force of Mongols and Byzantines, Sultan compensated this city too to Ertuğrul and he named the whole state "Sultanooni". He likewise made Ertuğrul Gazi the leader of his forefront armed force troop.

In this tremendous zone (Sultanooni), there were various manors other than landless fields and fruitful terrains.  Yet, the vast majority of the region of Sultanooni was involved by difficult pioneers, and so as to completely build up his position Ertuğrul Gazi and later on his child Osman Gazi.


Death of Ertugrul Ghazi

In 1281 and as indicated by some others in 1288 Ertuğrul Gazi passed on at 90 years old. Halime Hatun spouse of Ertuğrul Gazi, was the girl of Seljuk Prince. Halime Hatun brought forth three children, Gündüz, Savcı and Osman.  After the passing of Ertuğrul Gazi, his replacement was his most youthful child Osman Gazi.

Osman Gazi like his dad was a genuine Muslim, Brave and Courageous individual.  In 1299 when Seljuk Empire was totally finished.  Osman Gazi reported his independent government in all his vanquished regions.  In this manner the Ottoman Empire was set up independently from the Seljuk Empire. So a new Empire appeared on the world map which survived for more than 600 years and which extended over 3 continents with an area of around 20 Million square kilometer.

Ertuğrul Gazi was buried in Söğüt, his son Osman Gazi also built a mosque there. The current tomb of Ertuğrul Gazi was re-built in Sultan Abdul Hamid II era. In 1998, Ertuğrul Gazi Mosque was built in his honor  in Ashkabad, Turkmenistan province.

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